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Benford Online Bibliography

Books
 An Introduction to Benford's Law (with
T.P. Hill), Princeton University Press, Princeton and Oxford, 2015.
This book provides the first comprehensive
treatment of Benford's law, the surprising
logarithmic distribution of significant digits
discovered in the late nineteenth century.
Establishing the mathematical and statistical
principles that underpin this intriguing
phenomenon, the text combines uptodate
theoretical results with overviews of the
law's colorful history, rapidly growing body
of empirical evidence, and wide range of
applications.
An Introduction to Benford's Law begins with
basic facts about significant digits, Benford
functions, sequences, and random variables,
including tools from the theory of uniform
distribution. After introducing the scale,
base, and suminvariance characterizations
of the law, the book develops the
significantdigit properties of both
deterministic and stochastic processes,
such as iterations of functions, powers of
matrices, differential equations, and
products, powers, and mixtures of random
variables. Two concluding chapters survey
the finitely additive theory and the
flourishing applications of Benford's
law.
Carefully selected diagrams, tables, and close to 150 examples
illuminate the main concepts throughout. The
text includes many open problems, in addition
to dozens of new basic theorems and all the
main references. A distinguishing feature is
the emphasis on the surprising ubiquity and
robustness of the significantdigit law. This
text can serve as both a primary reference and
a basis for seminars and courses.
Publisher's site
(opens a new window or tab)
 Chaos and Chance, An Introduction to Stochastic Aspects of Dynamics,
deGruyter Textbook, deGruyter, BerlinNew York, 2001.
With emphasis on stochastic aspects of deterministic systems this short book introduces the
reader to the basic facts and some special topics of applied ergodic theory. It adresses advanced
undergraduate and graduate students from various disciplines, i.e. mathematicians, physicists,
electrical and mechanical engineers. Based upon a sound (but nontechnical) mathematical introduction,
a number of typical examples from applications (mostly from mechanics) are thoroughly discussed.
By studying both probabilistic and deterministic features of dynamical systems the reader will develop
what might be considered a unified view on chaos and chance as two sides of the same thing.
Publisher's site
(opens a new window or tab)
Articles
 A beautiful inequality by SaintVenant and Polya revisited, to
appear in Amer. Math. Monthly (2023). (PDF, 178KB)

 On planar curves with positiondependent curvature, to appear in J. Dynam. Differential
Equations (2022). (PDF, 2MB)

 A note on the distributions of (log n) mod 1, Unif. Distrib. Theory 17 (2022), 77100. (PDF, 777KB)

 Intermittent synchronization in finitestate random networks under Markov perturbations (with
H. Qian, S. Wang and Y. Yi), Comm. Math. Phys. 384
(2021), 19451970. (PDF, 689KB)

 The mathematics of Benford's law: a primer (with T.P. Hill),
Stat. Methods Appl. 30 (2021), 779795. (PDF, 689KB)

 Asymptotics of onedimensional Levy approximations (with C. Xu),
J. Theoret. Probab. 33 (2020),
11641195. (PDF, 758KB)

 On the classification of finitedimensional linear flows (with A. Wynne), J. Dynam. Differential
Equations 32 (2020), 23
59. (PDF, 952KB)

 Best finite approximations of Benford's Law (with C. Xu), J. Theoret.
Probab. 32 (2018), 15251553. (PDF, 1MB)

 Best finite constrained approximations of onedimensional
probabilities (with C. Xu),
J. Approx. Theory 224 (2019), 136. (PDF, 598KB)

 On the significands of uniform random variables (with I. Twelves),
J. Appl. Probab. 55 (2018),
353367. (PDF, 231KB)

 On linear dependence of trigonometric numbers, Carpatian J. Math. 34
(2018), 157166. (PDF, 284KB)

 Global saddletype dynamics for convex secondorder difference equations (with A. Duh), J. Difference
Equ. Appl. 23 (2017), 18071823. (PDF, 496KB)

 More grade school triangles, Amer. Math. Monthly 124 (2017), 324336. (PDF, 724KB)

 What is . . . Benford's law? (with T.P. Hill) Notices Amer. Math. Soc. 64 (2017), 132134. (PDF, 129KB)

 A characterization of Benford's Law in discretetime linear systems (with G. Eshun), J. Dynam. Differential Equations 28 (2016), 431469. (PDF, 447KB)

 Most linear flows on R^{d} are Benford, J. Differential Equations 259 (2015), 19331957. (PDF,
289KB)

 Benford solutions of linear difference equations (with G. Eshun), in: Z. AlSharawi et al. (eds.),
Theory and Applications of Difference Equations and Discrete Dynamical Systems,
Springer Proceedings in Mathematics & Statistics 102 (2014), 2360. (PDF, 884KB)


 Invariant measures for general induced maps and towers (with
R. Zweimüller), Discrete
Contin. Dyn. Syst. 33 (2013),
38853901. (PDF, 478KB)


 A limit theorem for occupation measures of Lévy processes in compact groups (with S.N. Evans),
Stoch. Dyn. 13 (2013), 1250008, 16 pp. (PDF, 291KB)


 A basic theory of Benford's law (with T.P. Hill), Probab. Surv. 8 (2011), 1126. (online)


 Finitestate Markov chains obey Benford's law (with T.P. Hill,
B. Kaynar and A. Ridder), SIAM J. Matrix Anal. Appl. 32 (2011), 665684. (PDF, 291KB)


 Some dynamical properties of Benford sequences, J. Difference Equ. Appl. 17 (2011), 137159. (PDF, 323KB)


 Benford's law strikes back: no simple explanation in sight for mathematical gem
(with T.P. Hill), Math. Intelligencer 33 (2011), 8591. (PDF, 333KB)


 On finitetime hyperbolicity, Commun. Pure
Appl. Anal. 10 (2011), 963981. (PDF, 323KB)


 More on finitetime hyperbolicity, Bol. Soc. Esp. Mat. Apl. SeMA 51 (2010), 2532. (PDF, 182KB)


 An improved maximum allowable transfer interval for L^{p}stability of networked control systems
(with A. Jentzen, F. Leber, D. Schneisgen and S. Siegmund), IEEE Trans. Automat. Control 55 (2010), 179184. (PDF, 170KB)


 A definition of spectrum for differential equations on finite time (with T.S. Doan and S. Siegmund),
J. Differential Equations 246 (2009), 10981118. (PDF, 711KB)

 Scaledistortion inequalities for mantissas of finite data sets (with T.P. Hill and K.E. Morrison),
J. Theoret. Probab. 21 (2009), 97117. (PDF, 414KB)

 Nonautonomous finitetime dynamics (with T.S. Doan and S. Siegmund),
Discrete Contin. Dyn. Syst. Ser. B. 9 (2008), 463492. (PDF, 787KB)

 Counting uniformly attracting solutions of nonautonomous differential equations,
Discrete Contin. Dyn. Syst. Ser. S 1 (2008), 1525. (PDF, 187KB)

 Uniformly attracting solutions of nonautonomous differential equations (with S. Siegmund),
Nonlinear Analysis 68 (2008), 37893811. (PDF, 833KB)

 On the distribution of mantissae in nonautonomous difference equations (with S. Siegmund),
J. Difference Equ. Appl. 13 (2007), 829845. (PDF, 230KB)

 Newton's Method obeys Benford's Law (with T.P. Hill), Amer. Math. Monthly 114 (2007), 588601.
(PDF, 4.76MB)

 A Characterisation of Newton maps (with T.P. Hill), ANZIAM J. 48 (2006), 113.
(PDF, 112KB)

 Chaos in spatially extended systems via the PeakCrossing Bifurcation
(with L. Bunimovich), Internat. J. Bifur. Chaos
Appl. Sci. Engrg. 15 (2005), 11,
115.
(PDF, 983KB)

 Benford's Law in powerlike nonautonomous dynamical systems, Stoch. Dyn 5 (2005),
121.
(PDF, 305KB)

 Onedimensional dynamical systems and Benford's law (with L. Bunimovich and T.P. Hill),
Trans. Amer. Math. Soc. 357 (2005), 197219.
(PDF, 340KB)

 Multidimensional dynamical systems and Benford's law,
Discrete Contin. Dyn. Syst. Ser. A 13 (2005), 219237.
(PDF, 311KB)

 Almost automorphic dynamics in symbolic lattices (with S. Siegmund and Y. Yi),
Ergodic Theory Dyn. Syst. 24 (2004), 677696.
(PDF, 255KB)

 A criterion for nonpersistence of travelling breathers for perturbations of the AblowitzLadik lattice
(with R.S. MacKay and V.M. Rothos), Discrete
Contin. Dyn. Syst. Ser. B 4 (2004),
911920.
(PDF, 201KB)

 On the gap between random dynamical systems and continuous skew products,
(with S. Siegmund), J. Dynam. Differential
Equations 15 (2003), 237279.
(PDF, 515KB)

 Propagation of small waves in inextensible strings (with M. Schagerl),
Wave Motion 35
(2001), 339353.
(PDF, 453KB)

 Rigorous error bounds for RK methods in the proof of chaotic behaviour,
J. Comput. Appl. Math. 111 (1999), 1324.
(PDF, 208KB)

Other publications and work in progress
 Linear independence of trigonometric numbers, preprint (arXiv).

 A Short Introduction to the Mathematical Theory of Benford's Law (with T.P. Hill), pp. 2266
in: S.J. Miller (ed.), The Theory and Applications of Benfords Law, Princeton University Press,
Princeton and Oxford, 2015. (PDF, 773KB, book website)

 Fundamental Flaws in Feller's Classical Derivation of Benford's Law (with T.P. Hill), preprint. (PDF, 99KB)

 Large spread does not imply Benford's Law, preprint. (PDF, 96KB)

 Dynamics and Digits: On the Ubiquity of Benford's Law,
Proceedings of Equadiff 2003, World
Scientific, Singapore, 2005, 693695.
(PDF, 82KB)

 On the appropriate treatment of singularly perturbed wave equations (with M. Schagerl),
Z. Angew. Math. Mech. 81 (2001), 623624.

 On the regular and chaotic motion of a kicked pendulum: a Markovian approach,
Z. Angew. Math. Mech. 81 (2001), 611612.
(PDF, 280KB)

 Zur Stabilität eines Doppelpendels mit geradlinig geführtem Endpunkt,
Z. Angew. Math. Mech. 80 (2000), 335336.
(PDF, 2.34MB)

 Zum praktischen Nachweis von Chaos mit Hilfe der Conley Index Theorie,
Z. Angew. Math. Mech. 79 (1999), 791792.
(PDF, 297KB)

 RK methods and the proof of chaotic behaviour,
Proc. of the Second Meeting on Numerical Methods
for Differential Equations, Coimbra, 1998.
(PDF, 7.57MB)

Book reviews
 R. Taschner: The Continuum, Book
review, to appear in Z. Angew. Math. Mech., 2007.
(PDF,
41KB)

 M. Denker: Einführung in die Analysis dynamischer Systeme,
Book review, Z. Angew. Math. Mech. 86 (2006), 251252.
(PDF, 45KB)

 T. Kaczynski, M. Mischaikow, M. Mrozek: Computational Homology,
Book review, Z. Angew. Math. Mech. 86 (2006), 334335.
(PDF, 45KB)

 G. H. Choe: Computational Ergodic Theory,
Book review, Z. Angew. Math. Mech. 86 (2006), 743744.
(PDF, 53KB)

