Advisors: Yuri Abramovich and Peter Loeb.
In Chapter 2 we develop a version of spectral theory for bounded linear operators on topological vector spaces. We show that the Gelfand formula for spectral radius and Neumann series can still be naturally interpreted for operators on topological vector spaces. Of course, the resulting theory has many similarities to the conventional spectral theory of bounded operators on Banach spaces, though there are several important differences. The main difference is that an operator on a topological vector space has several spectra and several spectral radii, which fit a well-organized pattern.
In Chapter 3 we use the results of Chapter 2 to prove locally-convex versions of some results on the Invariant Subspace Problem on Banach lattices obtained by Y.Abramovich, C.Aliprantos, and O.Burkinshaw in 1993-98. For example, we show that if S and T are two commuting positive continuous operators with finite spectral radii on a locally convex-solid vector lattice, T is locally quasinilpotent at a positive vector, and S dominates a positive compact operator, then S and T have a common closed non-trivial invariant subspace.
The results of Chapter 1 were published in "Lomonosov's theorem cannot be extended to chains of four operators" and in "On the modulus of C.J. Read's operator". The results of Chapter 2 were published in "Spectral radii of bounded operators on topological vector spaces".